Police work is increasingly focusing on partnerships with communities in order to produce better-informed and better-connected police forces as well as safer and more cohesive neighborhoods. Community based policing focuses on partnerships with community organizations, not-for-profits, local politicians, community leaders, private businesses, and local media outlets. These partnerships involve circulating information to maintain the safety of the local community.
Read on for a brief introduction to the practice of community based policing.
Students in Police Foundations Courses Might Know That Community Policing Is a Philosophy
Community based policing isn’t necessarily a program or set of guidelines that are implemented in the day-to-day activities of policing, but rather an overarching philosophy that informs conduct. Community policing is a philosophy and strategy that promotes partnerships and friendly interactions with community organizations and community members. These partnerships utilize problem-solving techniques to address public safety issues including social disorders and crime.
One example of a community based policing solution includes ‘Citizen’s Patrol’ groups that can observe interactions and assist police in addressing suspicious activity. These types of community organizations can be joined while you’re still in your police foundations program!
Community based policing focused on partnering with different community leaders
Teamwork Is Imperative for Successful Police Foundations Training and Community Policing
A huge part of the community policing philosophy is the recognition that effective policing can’t be done alone; teamwork is essential for safe communities. As you’ll soon learn throughout your studies, teamwork in an important part of any police officer’s career—so much so that you’ll even learn effective team building techniques as part of your program.
Community policing also involves teamwork, but on a much bigger scale. Community partnerships with local politicians and organizations mean that all members of the community work together to find solutions for public safety issues. These partnerships help develop the public’s trust in the police force by making forces more visible in the community and by having community leaders openly endorsing police work. This work also helps improve public trust by ultimately making police work more effective, therefore demonstrating that police forces are working hard to make their neighborhoods even safer.
Effective Community Policing Addresses the Causes of Crime
When you graduate from police foundations courses, keep in mind that community policing doesn’t necessarily look to solve crimes. Rather than seeking to address crime only after it occurs, community policing looks to respond to underlying conditions that give rise to deviance and crime. Community policing tries to touch on only things it can have an immediate impact on. One such thing is increased guardianship for children or students that may not have a support system in their life. By acting as a mentor to a young child, or inspiring the next generation to avoid illicit substances, you can make a tangible difference throughout your community by employing a community based approach.
Integrating police as guardians in the community is a great way to prevent crime
The Criminal Code of Canada lays out the proper procedures regarding criminal offenses in the country. The code contains 28 parts, one of which details the extensive specifics of arrest warrants and helps to ensure that people who are suspected of committing a crime can be legally taken in for questioning. During your police foundations program at the National Academy of Health and Business, you’ll complete courses in everything from The Criminal Code, Federal and Provincial Statutes, to Police Procedures in which you’ll begin to learn about how arrest warrants operate and how police employ them to keep our communities safe.
The following is a brief introduction on how arrest warrants operate in Canada, and what students in police foundations need to know.
Police Foundations Students Learn How to Obtain Arrest Warrants
When it is thought that a certain individual has participated in a crime, an affidavit—a written statement that is given under oath—is submitted to a judge containing specific information that links a certain suspect with the crime that he or she is suspected of committing. A vague description will not be enough to obtain an arrest warrant; the description must be particular. For instance, the affidavit cannot just give a general description of someone who resembles the person who is being arrested, it must instead provide detailed information about how exactly that person is connected to the crime, such as eye-witness accounts, physical evidence, or camera recordings. This information is meant to establish what is legally called probable cause; a case based on evidence for the high probability that the suspect did indeed commit the crime.
Police Diploma Holders Know Warrants Are Often Only Valid In Certain Places
Usually, arrest warrants are only valid within the province where the judge signs them into effect. But other times, if a crime is more serious and involves violence, Canada-wide warrants can be issued. With a Canada-wide warrant, a suspected criminal can be arrested by any police force member in the country.
If you graduate from a police diploma program and decide to make your career in the field of police work, you will learn that if you stop someone who has an arrest warrant in another province and you feel it is serious enough to take the suspect in, you sometimes can. After that, you will need to contact the police in the issuing province and proceed from there.
Police Foundations Programs Graduates May Use Arrest Warrants To Prevent Travel
Graduates of a police foundations program may go on to a rewarding career as a customs or immigration officer. As you complete your studies, you’ll learn that when there is a warrant out for a traveler’s arrest, it can often prevent them from travelling outside of the country the arrest warrant is issued in. Airports security staff and border security staff make sure to check police databases when citizens move through borders or attempt to board an airplane and will flag those who have outstanding warrants. In fact, in late 2015 all border services officers got access to the Canadian Police Information Centre (CPIC), which allowed them screen all travellers—this led to 1,800 arrests in the first month alone.
Earning a police foundations diploma is personally rewarding, since this line of work can provide you with the opportunity to make a real difference in the lives of others. Whether you choose to work behind the wheel of a patrol car, respond to domestic disputes, or work with teenagers at a local youth center, your role will focus on upholding the safety and security of Canadian citizens. While police officers are required to manage difficult situations daily, they also reap the benefits associated with helping others.
If you’re planning to enroll in a police foundations college, you’ll receive the training needed to launch a wide variety of law enforcement careers—some may even take you across the country! Read on for a closer look at the responsibilities of municipal, provincial, and federal police officers.
Police Foundations Training Could Lead to a Career With The Municipal Police
Municipal police officers are required to perform a wide range of duties. Most of these revolve around protecting citizens and property. If you decide to become a municipal police officer, you will have plenty of opportunity to move up in the ranks, and to work in different areas of your city.
Once you become a municipal police officer, you’ll be responsible for patrolling neighborhoods, responding to calls, working at the police station and more. While on duty, municipal police officers also perform clerical work, such as filling out various forms and writing reports. They sometimes testify in municipal court for ongoing investigations, make arrests and issue citations. Police foundations trainingwill provide you with working knowledge of municipal laws, criminology, and much more in order to prepare you for a career as a police officer in your community.
The primary function of a municipal police officer is to keep the peace in the community
Work With The Provincial Police After Completing Police Foundations Courses
Once you’ve completed yourpolice foundations courses, you might find work on a provincial police force like the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP). Provincial police provide services to the entire province and they offer specialized support to municipal police forces in dealing with some crimes.
As a provincial police officer, you would have the chance to work on province-wide investigations. Rather than patrolling city streets, you would be responsible for law enforcement on provincial highways. Provincial police officers often team-up with other provincial agencies, such as the Ministry of Transportation and Ministry of Natural Resources to enforce highway safety and conservation laws.
Working with provincial police like the OPP will have you enforcing highway laws and much more
Apply For Work With The RCMP After Your Police Foundations Training
Working with Canada’s national police force means you would be responsible for ensuring public safety and security country-wide. RCMP officers are also required to enforce the law, conduct investigations, create community awareness and more. In your police foundations courses, you’ll examine criminal statistics on a national level and gain a solid understanding of Canadian legal acts and regulations. Receiving this knowledge is a great starting point and will prepare you for a career as an RCMP officer.
New recruits with the RCMP begin their career by performing patrolling and law enforcement duties that are similar to those of municipal officers. However, because this police force is nation-wide, there are opportunities for many specialized jobs down the line, such as working on drug enforcement investigations or administrative positions. The RCMP has locations throughout Canada, so if you’re considering working with the RCMP, you might be asked to relocate.
RCMP officers are highly-respected by law enforcement agencies all over the world
The main responsibility of all police officers is to keep order and peace between people within a community. The definition of what constitutes “order” is generally outlined by national and provincial laws.
Most people know that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is Canada’s national police force. The RCMP also serve as the official police force for various Canadian provinces and territories. In fact, the only provinces in Canada that have their own provincial police forces are Ontario, Quebec and a portion of Newfoundland.
A good police officer knows the history of a community and the laws which govern it, which is why it’s so important for students pursuing law enforcement careers to learn about the history of policing in Canada. Read on for a quick, introductory guide.
Canada’s Earliest Form of Law Enforcement
The first signs of any Canadian legal traditions can be traced back all the way to 1651, when Quebec City adopted a watchman system modelling that of various cities in France. During the same time, Ontario (formerly known as Upper Canada) fashioned its own legal system after English traditions, establishing a constabulary and a watch-and-ward system. While both Upper Canada and Quebec City followed different law enforcement traditions for several years, after 1759, the English system was imposed on French areas.
In 1835, Toronto established a police department based on England’s Metropolitan Police Act and both Quebec and Montreal followed the city’s lead shortly after in 1838 and 1840. And finally, provincial police forces were established for Eastern Canada’s rural areas in 1867.
Development of the Royal North West Mounted Police
Students enrolled in police foundations courses know that the North West Mounted Police (NWMP, known today as the RCMP) was officially created in 1873 by the Parliament of Canada. The officers that made up the police force were tasked with the responsibility of halting aggression from American whiskey traders in Alberta. The North West Mounted Police force was responsible for protecting Aboriginal people, as well as managing prairie fires and fighting disease.
Experts holding a police foundations diploma know that the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 created new opportunity and much more support for the NWMP officers, since they were assigned the task of patrolling the Northern areas. The NWMP were granted the title “Royal North West Mounted Police” for their thirty years of service during this era.
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Every graduate of law enforcement and police foundations programs will recognize February 1, 1920 as the day that the Royal North West Mounted Police force was officially renamed to become the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Between the years of 1932 and 1938, the RCMP consisted of approximately 2350 officers, who were policing Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. This number grew substantially after World War II, and in 1950 the RCMP became responsible for protecting Newfoundland and British Columbia as well.
Modern Day Mounties
In the 1970s the Royal Canadian Mounted Police force evolved considerably. In fact, not only did RCMP responsibilities expand in areas including airport policing, VIP security and drug enforcement, but new members were also accepted. In 1974, women were granted acceptance to join the RCMP and become uniformed members.
These days, the RCMP is responsible for a very wide range of tasks in various areas, such as organized crime, terrorism, economic crimes, illicit drugs and border crimes. As of 2013, the RCMP has over 23,000 employees across the country.
Are you interested in pursuing a career in law enforcement? Click here for more information on the police foundations program offered at NAHB.
Author Malcolm Gladwell in his novel “Outliers” writes about a gathering of criminologists in 1940s New York. The finest minds in the detective world are gathered to understand the motives and nature of the Con Edison bomber.
In the nick of time it seems, a young psychiatrist by the name of James Brussel forwards a theory. “The bomber,” he said, “would be of Polish decent, unmarried, and when you catch him he will be dressed in a buttoned double-breasted suit.”
Sure enough, the police arrested the man, George Metesky, and he was indeed dressed how Brussel described.
This story was cited on CBS’s hit show Criminal Minds, which has been famous for bringing the practice of criminology into the public sphere. However, the truth of the matter is that much of the criminology seen on television is the work of elaborate guessing and suspenseful story-telling. Students taking police foundations training to enter the police force will discover for themselves that criminology is, in fact a science – one which requires professional training and in-depth knowledge of criminal patterns.
The Purpose of Criminal Profiling
Criminology is also known as criminal profiling, which means typecasting a criminal’s behavioural patterns in order to solve a crime. Criminal profiling is used to catch criminals who have committed crimes of all types – whether they are single or serial cases. These crimes could range from robberies, arson and serious threats, to crimes such as assault and fraud.
One of the first steps to profiling a criminal is to form a personality profile. Police may determine specific characteristics and traits of the criminal, which will allow others to recognize him or her. After determining the personality profile, police will assess how to approach confronting and interviewing the suspect. Police will consider:
The suspect’s strengths, weaknesses
What interviewing techniques would be appropriate
Trial and courtroom strategy
Reviewing the Evidence
Before an investigation can truly begin, law enforcement professionals must retrieve evidence from both the scene of the crime and any witnesses. This means investigating the crime scene for clues which could hint at either who the criminal is or their behaviour pattern. Graduates of police foundations courses know that it is not until police begin bringing witnesses into the station for interviews that they can start piecing together a profile of who the perpetrator may be.
Interviews and Trial
Once witnesses have given police enough information to begin narrowing down potential suspects, law enforcers can begin the interview process. The process of interviewing will help determine who the perpetrator may be – after which the interrogation process can begin. An interview can reveal important information about the suspect’s thoughts and behaviour patterns, and in some cases may lead to an admission of guilt.
When enough evidence is gathered, the police have the right to make an arrest and charge the suspect. The profile built around the criminal leading up to the charges all help create a trial strategy which law enforcers and legal professionals will use to convict the criminal in court.