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Search and Seizure: What You Should Know if You Want to Become a Police Officer

2019-04-24 by NAHB

police foundations program

Section 8 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms states that “Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.” This is a fundamental legal right that protects Canadians from intrusive and unreasonable searches. If police violate this right in order to obtain evidence, it often means that that evidence is inadmissible in court.

If you want to pursue training to eventually become a police officer or work in a related profession after your police foundations course, then you will need to have an understanding of Canada’s search and seizure laws. Here’s a brief look at what search and seizure laws are and what they could mean for your career.

Students in Police Foundations Courses Know That Warrants Are Often Required

While the Charter prohibits “unreasonable search and seizure,” it does not clarify what “unreasonable” means. Instead, that has been left up to the courts to decide. Generally, it has been interpreted to mean that police officers need to obtain a warrant before they can search or seize a person’s property, or else they need the property owner’s consent to perform a search. You’ll learn more about search warrants, the Charter, and how they could affect your career in your police foundations program.

For police to search private property, they usually need to obtain a search warrant beforehand

For police to search private property, they usually need to obtain a search warrant beforehand

There are exceptions, however, where police can search property without a warrant or consent. For example, police can enter a home in order to prevent someone from being seriously injured or killed. Likewise, if police have reason to believe that evidence relating to a serious offence might be lost or destroyed during the time it takes to obtain a warrant, they can also conduct a search without a warrant.

Search and Seizure Laws Also Apply to Other Security-Related Professionals

Search and seizure laws don’t just affect police officers. By studying police foundations courses, you may also choose to pursue other professions, such as being a security guard or customs officer. Search and seizure laws apply differently to security guards and customs officers than they do to police officers. For one, security guards are private citizens, whereas police officers are agents of the state. As such, security guards do not have the right to search and seize a person’s private property nor can they obtain a warrant to do so. Only police can obtain a search warrant.

However, there are times when security guards may be able to perform searches. For example, a bag search may be required for anybody who wants to gain entrance to an event. Since the event is being held on private property, security guards employed by the property owner have the right to search entrants’ bags as a condition of entry. While people can refuse to have their bags searched, that also gives security guards the right to refuse them entry.

Customs officers, on the other hand, have much broader search powers than police typically do. This is because the Supreme Court has ruled that individuals have a lower reasonable expectation of privacy at border crossings than in other situations. For example, customs officers can typically search a person’s vehicle, luggage, and electronic devices without a warrant when they are crossing the border. Unlike police officers, customs officers do not need reasonable and probable grounds to conduct a search.

Customs officers have much broader search powers than police officers do

Customs officers have much broader search powers than police officers do

Do you want to become a police officer?

Contact the National Academy of Health and Business to learn about our programs.

4 Exercise Ideas to Help Keep Seniors Active after Your PSW Courses

2019-04-17 by NAHB

personal support worker trainingPersonal support workers play an important role in helping elderly clients stay healthy and happy. Regular physical activity and light exercise can have many positive effects on seniors’ physical and mental health as they grow older, including encouraging sociability, enhancing mood, and improving aspects such as circulation, strength, and mobility.

From dancing to tai chi, there are a variety of creative ways to get clients physically active. If you’re interested in becoming a personal support worker, here are four exercise ideas you can use to help keep seniors active after completing your courses and beginning your career as a personal support worker!

1. Take Senior Clients Outdoors for Some Fresh Air and New Surroundings

Going for a walk or short hike can be a great way to keep older clients moving. Walking has been shown to provide a number of benefits to seniors, including improving circulation, boosting memory, and enhancing mood. It’s also a great opportunity for seniors to socialize, experience nature, and get some fresh air and new scenery along the way.

PSW courses

Walking and hiking outdoors are great simple exercises for seniors

2. Get Seniors to Break Out Their Best Dance Moves When You Become a PSW

Another fun and social way to get seniors moving is through dancing. Organizing dances with residents at a care facility can be a great way to give clients something to look forward to and participate in, while also getting in some good cardiovascular exercise. After completing your personal support worker training, consider setting up a regular “dance night” for senior clients where they can request their favourite songs. You can even hire a live band to provide a festive atmosphere that gets seniors out of their seats and onto the dance floor.

3. Wii Games Can Help Seniors Stay Active During the Winter Months

Wii games can be a great way to keep seniors active when you become a PSW, particularly during the winter months when outdoor activities might not be an option. Unlike other video game consoles, the Wii uses handheld remotes which are moved by the player in order to control the action on-screen, which can include physical activities such as swinging virtual tennis rackets and golf clubs. Wii consoles are easy to set up, and a wide range of games are available to cater to any resident’s interests and tastes, including tennis, golf, fishing, baseball, and bowling, among many others.

4. Tai Chi Offers a Range of Health Benefits to Senior Clients

Tai chi is an ancient Chinese tradition often practised today as a form of exercise. It involves performing a series of movements in a slow and steady manner, with a focus on breathing. Tai chi puts minimal stress on joints and muscles, and is generally low-impact and easy to learn, making it a great exercise option for seniors. It also offers a number of benefits, especially for elderly clients, including improving balance and strength, as well as potential mental benefits such as a reduced risk of depression and improvements in cognitive function and memory.

become a PSW

Tai chi is another great way to keep seniors active when you become a PSW

Are you interested in pursuing a career as a personal support worker?

Contact the National Academy of Health and Business to learn more about our PSW courses!

Understanding Health Insurance in Ontario: What You Can Learn in Medical Office Assistant Training

2019-04-10 by NAHB

medical office assistant training

Medical office administrators (MOAs) play an essential role in various medical and health care settings across Ontario. From updating and filing patients’ records to scheduling appointments and more, they take care of the many regular tasks that need to be completed in order to keep a medical office running smoothly and meet the public’s healthcare needs.

MOAs are additionally responsible for billing and submitting insurance forms, which means their careers could include managing and processing the different kinds of medical insurance available in Ontario.

If you’re interested in signing up for MOA training, here’s a quick overview to help you understand what and who each program covers, as well as the differences between them.

MOAs Know That Ontario Residents Receive Basic Coverage Through OHIP

Residents of Ontario may already be aware that the province has a public health care plan known as the Ontario Health Care Plan (OHIP). This covers a broad range of basic health services, from doctor appointments to walk-in clinic visits, as well as trips to the emergency room, medical tests, and certain types of eligible surgery.

In order to qualify for OHIP, a person must make Ontario their primary home, and be physically present in the province for at least 153 days in any 12-month period. Patients don’t have to be a citizen of Canada to be covered, however—OHIP also applies to permanent residents, those with refugee status, and most individuals in the province who are there on valid work permits.

If you find yourself working in a family physician’s office or similar environment after medical office assistant training, you can expect to encounter OHIP fairly regularly in your work, as many patients may present their OHIP health card to access and cover your office’s services.

WSIB Provides Assistance to Workers Who Are Injured or Become Ill on the Job

Another form of insurance that you may encounter after training is the coverage provided through Ontario’s Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB). The WSIB provides worker compensation in Ontario to those who are injured or become ill on the job. This includes both the Loss of Earnings Benefits—which covers wages lost through injury or illness—as well as assistance with various healthcare needs, including prescription medications and other important healthcare equipment and devices.

WSIB provides additional coverage to people who are injured or fall sick on the job

WSIB provides additional coverage to people who are injured or fall sick on the job

In order to be qualified for WSIB coverage, a person must have fallen ill or been injured during, and as the direct result of, work for an employer that is covered by WSIB. As an MOA, you could be expected to facilitate the billing process, and it’s important to be aware that in many cases, the WSIB will pay the health care provider directly.

You May See a Variety of Private Plans After Medical Office Assistant Training

Residents of Ontario can also purchase private insurance either directly or through their employer. Many individuals choose to purchase private insurance in order to cover costs not included with OHIP.

These can include, among others:

  • Vision and dental services
  • Prescription drugs
  • Private hospital rooms
  • Chiropractic and massage therapy
  • Critical illness coverage
  • Mental health support services and counselling

As you’ll learn during your medical office assistant courses, private coverage can vary greatly depending on the insurer and the patient’s particular plan. Private coverage often plays an important role in ensuring that those with medical issues are able to receive the care they need.

You’ll encounter a variety of private insurance plans after medical office assistant training

You’ll encounter a variety of private insurance plans after medical office assistant training

Are you ready to begin your new career as a medical office assistant?

Contact the National Academy of Health and Business to learn more about our medical office assistant programs.

3 Things to Know About Working for a Crown Attorney if You Want to Become a Legal Office Administrator

2019-04-03 by NAHB

become a legal office administrator

Crown Attorneys (also called Crown Counsel or Crown Prosecutors) are the lawyers who prosecute criminal cases in Canada’s legal system. Crown Attorneys are representatives of the state (which is symbolized by the “Crown” in their title) and they are responsible for acting in the public interest.

If you’re thinking about a career as a legal office administrator, working for a Crown Attorney offers a career path that is both dynamic and gives you an close-up look at the criminal justice system. Here are three important things you should know about working for a Crown Attorney.

1. Become a Legal Administrator for a Crown Attorney and You’ll See Criminal Law in Action

Crown Attorneys primarily work in criminal law and are responsible for prosecuting the Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act, and provincial statutes. The criminal laws that Crown Attorneys prosecute range from less serious summary conviction offences, such as trespassing, to much more serious indictable offences, such as homicide and drug trafficking.

That means a legal office administration career with a Crown Attorney gives you a unique opportunity to see how Canada’s criminal justice system works behind the scenes. Crown Attorneys also tend to spend more time in court than any other type of lawyer. So if you become a legal office administrator for a Crown Attorney, you’ll have a much higher chance of seeing the litigation side of the law in action.

Crown Attorneys tend to spend more time in courtrooms than any other type of lawyer

Crown Attorneys tend to spend more time in courtrooms than any other type of lawyer

2. Crown Attorneys Are the Ones Who Decide Whether to Prosecute Cases

In Canada’s legal system, it is up to the Crown Attorney to decide whether or not to lay charges and attempt to prosecute a case. Additionally, Canada has a large number of offences called “hybrid offences.” These are crimes that can be tried as either summary conviction offences or as indictable offences. It is up to the Crown Attorney to decide how to prosecute hybrid offences. This decision is usually based on the defendant’s criminal record since indictable offences are usually subject to longer prison sentences and higher fines.

While most Crown Attorneys work for the Attorney General of each province’s government, the decision about prosecuting a case is meant to be free of political influence. This means that the Attorney General—who is an elected politician—has little say over the Crown’s decision to prosecute, despite the Crown working directly for the Attorney General.

3. Crown Attorneys Do a Lot More Than Just Argue Criminal Cases

While prosecuting criminal cases is probably the most important part of a Crown Attorney’s job, it isn’t the only one. Crown Attorneys also frequently work with the police, for example, where they may provide legal advice for the police force’s investigation. They also may negotiate with the defence counsel about plea negotiations and they may make recommendations to a judge or justice about what penalty a defendant should face if convicted of a crime.

Crown Attorneys may negotiate plea deals with the defence lawyer of the accused

Crown Attorneys may negotiate plea deals with the defence lawyer of the accused

The diversity of the work means that legal office administrator careers spent working for Crown Attorneys offer the chance to experience many different aspects of the law. In fact, even the Crown Attorney’s workplace can be pretty unusual. For example, while some Crown Attorneys can be found arguing cases in large courthouses, others fly into remote settlements where temporary courtrooms are set up in schools, churches, or gymnasiums.

Are you ready for a new career?

Contact NAHB to learn more about our legal office administration courses.


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