2016-11-16 by Mark Harrington
Playing sports is a common cause behind injuries seen by physiotherapist assistants
Physiotherapist assistants play a crucial role working alongside licensed physiotherapists as they help treat patients suffering from injuries. There are many career paths you can take as a physiotherapist assistant. Whether you prefer to work in a hospital, physiotherapy clinic, long-term care facility, or sports medicine clinic, you are sure to have a rewarding career.
If you’re interested in the area of sports medicine, you should consider working in a fitness club or sports medicine clinic after successful completion of your training. Check out these four facts about sports injuries you may discover when pursuing this exciting career path!
1. Sprains and Knee Injuries Are Often Seen After Physiotherapist Assistant Training
During your extensive physiotherapist assistant training that combines theory with practical knowledge, you will spend one hundred hours learning about rehabilitation techniques. You may go on to use these techniques to treat common sports injuries.
The first most common type of sports related injury is sprains. A sprain is when a patient twists or contorts a ligament causing pain, but luckily no dislocation. The second most common category of sports injury is knee injuries, which could include knee dislocation or muscle tears. The remaining most common forms of sports injuries include bone fractures, dislocations, and swollen muscles.
2. Acute or Chronic Are the Types of Injuries Seen After Physiotherapist Assistant Training
All sports injuries should be taken seriously, whether they are acute or chronic. Acute injuries occur suddenly while a patient in participating in sports or physical exercise. Symptoms of acute injuries could include limb weakness, swelling, and sudden severe pain. This could happen if a patient lands the wrong way after kicking a ball or overextends their arm while throwing.
As you may learn during your physiotherapist assistant diploma classes about anatomy and kinesiology, chronic injuries occur over a long period of time. Symptoms of chronic pain you should watch for are swelling, a dull ache in the patient’s body even when they aren’t playing sports, and pain while they are being physically active. Chronic injuries occur over time from overuse of a body part, and often go ignored by a patient because the pain is not severe. However, it is important to educate your future patients so they know that chronic injury can cause serious problems if left untreated.
After physiotherapist assistant training, students may help treat sports injuries
3. The RICE Method Is Commonly Recommended By Physiotherapists
After a patient suffers from an injury, often the best first step is to start using the RICE method. It is important to note, though, that if a patient’s symptoms get worse or the pain becomes unbearable they should seek medical help immediately. If the sports injury causes mild to moderate aggravation, the RICE method can be used to speed up the healing process, reduce swelling, and minimize pain.
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. The first step is rest, which entails stopping the physical activity in order to not cause any further injury. The next step, ice, calls for applying ice to the injured area for 20-minute intervals about four to eight times a day. Compression is the next step. This is when your patient should apply even and moderate pressure to the injured area to prevent swelling. The final step is keeping the injury elevated to further reduce swelling.
4. Physiotherapist Assistants May Know Injuries Are Most Common In Youth
Not very surprisingly, young people and adolescents suffer the most from sports related injuries. According to Statistics Canada, two out of three (66 per cent) of all injuries among adolescents are related to sports. The most common demographic to suffer from these statistics is boys and young men. In total, sports or a form of exercise causes 35 per cent of all injuries in Canada.
Boys and young men are most at risk for sports related injuries
The most common causes of sport related injuries are falls or overexertion. In fact, half of sports injuries in young people were caused by falls. As a result, you may help treat many adolescents if you choose to work in sports medicine once you become a physiotherapy assistant.
Are you interested in learning how to become a physiotherapist assistant?
Contact an advisor at National Academy of Health and Business today to get started!
2016-08-24 by Mark Harrington
Physiotherapy methods that include electrotherapeutics have been around for a long time, with some records of its use dating all the way to 1767. Currently, electrotherapeutics are used to treat issued related to ligaments, muscles, and bones. Electrotherapeutics can involve laser therapy, muscular stimulation, electrical nerve stimulation, and even ultrasound. There is a large amount of research that points to the effectiveness of electrotherapeutics in physiotherapy environments, which is why these methods are commonly used to assist in healing processes. If you’re interested in pursuing a career in physiotherapy, having the skills to facilitate electrotherapeutics gives you a huge advantage in the job pool.
Continue reading to discover three facts about electrotherapeutics.
1. Studies Have Shown that Electrotherapeutics is Effective
A 1999 study by scholars Gardner, Frantz, and Schmidt found that electrotherapeutics were helpful in healing chronic wounds. The researchers looked over fifteen studies, each with a group of people who had been electronically stimulated and one who hadn’t. They found that the rate of healing per week was 22 per cent for electrical stimulation device users and only 9 per cent for the group without electronic stimulation. The researchers concluded that “electrical stimulation produces a substantial improvement in the healing of chronic wounds.”
Due to the research that proves the efficacy of electrotherapeutics, students in physiotherapist assistant training learn the basics of electrotherapeutics in their training at physiotherapy schools like the National Academy of Health and Business (NAHB).
2. Physiotherapist Assistant Diploma Grads Can Use TENS in Their Careers
TENS is an acronym referring to Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and is commonly used to treat arthritis, lower back pain, labour pain and nerve related pain. In order to help alleviate these symptoms, an electrical device is attached via skin pads to the body and electrical impulses are sent through and across the skin using ‘pulsed ultrasound.’ Physiotherapist assistants also know that some clients might want to use these devices at home in addition to the care they receive during their appointments. TENS machines that can be purchased by clients in order to have relief at home, which some professionals recommend.
Clients can purchase their own electrotherapy machines for use at home
3. Students in Physiotherapy Schools Can Treat Future Patients Using IFT
Students in physiotherapy schools may encounter interferential therapy (IFT) throughout their training. In many ways, IFT is similar to TENS, with some professionals describing it as a deeper form of TENS therapy. By using two high frequency currents that alternate out of sync and are set up so that the electric paths cross and interfere with each other in the skin, deep stimulation under the skin happens that can lead to several benefits. This treatment helps pain relief, can increase blood flow, can reduce oedema (collection of an excess of watery fluid under the skin), and stimulate muscle to help build it and maintain ranges of motion. For this treatment, physiotherapist assistants help to set up the procedure by placing damp sponges on the part of the patient’s body that will be treated. Then, the physiotherapist will oversee and complete the procedure by sending a current through the sponges.
Want to assist people in getting back on track in life with normal functioning and movement?
Contact an advisor today to discover more about beginning your physiotherapist assistant diploma!
2016-05-18 by Mark Harrington
Chances are you’ll encounter a patient that is experiencing frozen shoulder during your time as a physiotherapist. Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, has a disabling quality that can last for upwards of a year and can stop people from going to work or doing daily tasks that require shoulder movement. The cause of this condition is not entirely known, but it involves the build up of scar tissue in the shoulder joint, which ultimately limits movement. Luckily, physiotherapists know that relief can be only a few stretches away.
Read on to discover what stretches are recommended for frozen shoulder by physiotherapists.
1. Physiotherapy School Students Should Know the Pendulum Stretch
If you’re on your way to receiving your physiotherapist assistant diploma, you’ll probably encounter the ins and outs of the pendulum stretch. This stretch is done by letting the affected arm ‘hang’ while leaning over slightly and allowing it to softly swing in a small circle. Tell the patient to picture their arm like a spoon that is lightly stirring pasta in a small pot. Patients should perform 10 revolutions both clockwise and vice versa once per day until improvement is seen.
2. Physiotherapists Should Keep a Towel Handy for the Towel Stretch
During your physiotherapist assistant training you’ll learn that towels aren’t just used to warm up patients, they can be used to stretch and warm up muscles! Grab a regular bath towel and hold it behind your back, with both hands grabbing opposite ends. Using your unaffected arm, gently pull the affected arm upwards for a light stretch. Try to do these pulls 10 to 20 times per day. To help patients incorporate this stretch into their daily routine, why not encourage them to try getting in the habit of doing the towel stretch when they get out of the shower?
3. Finger Walk to Shoulder Freedom! What Physiotherapist Assistant Training Students Know
Want patients to ‘walk away’ from frozen shoulder? Let them try the finger walk stretch. Instruct your patient to stand in front of a wall about three quarters of an arm’s length away. The patient should then place two fingers on the wall, about waist level, and slowly walk up the wall using their fingers in the same way we use legs, alternating between the index finger and middle finger as the hand ascends the wall. Make sure the walk is coming from your patient’s fingers only, and not their shoulder muscles. Patients should walk their hand up the wall as far as they comfortably can and try to repeat the walk 10 to 20 times a day.
4. A Cross-Body Reach Stretch: A Classic in Physiotherapy
This is a standard stretch that patients should be doing once or twice a week, whether they are suffering from frozen shoulder or not. Instruct your patients to use their healthy arm to push the affected arm upwards until it becomes horizontally parallel with the shoulder blades. Then, gently pull the affected arm towards the opposite shoulder across the chest. This exercise can also be performed while sitting, which is a plus if your patient is suffering from any other ailments and needs to rest.
The cross-body reach stretch helps ‘unfreeze’ a patient’s shoulders
5. Physiotherapists Know the Armpit Stretch Can Loosen the Shoulder
Instruct your patient to place his or her affected arm on a shelf or platform that is about chest-high as if extending for a front crawl swimming stroke in the pool, and tell the patient to gently bend their knees until a slight stretch in the armpit area is felt. Instruct them to repeat this 10 to 20 times daily until some relief is achieved.
Warming up to the idea of physiotherapy schools?
Unfreeze your career by contacting an advisor at NAHB today.
2015-10-28 by Mark Harrington
People don’t often think of physiotherapy when they think of pediatric care. However, it can play a huge role in treating children with a number of afflictions, such as cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, autism, and any disorder which affects motor skill development. It also plays an important role in helping children rehabilitate after an injury as well as overcoming developmental complications which may be suffered by babies born prematurely.
Many students studying for careers as physiotherapist assistants find themselves working in pediatric physiotherapy after they graduate. As dealing with children can be very different from treating adults, it’s important that programs provide students with the training necessary to meet the needs of this unique patient group.
Read on to learn four ways that physiotherapy schools help prepare students to care for children.
1. Physiotherapy Schools Teach Students to Help Children with Physical Challenges
With pediatric physiotherapy, children with a range of physical disabilities and injuries learn to maximize their independence and mobility. To help children through this process, therapeutic exercises are often incorporated with play and recreational activities, and a child’s family often plays an important part in the exercises. This helps ensure that children feel at ease and have fun while they work through difficult physical challenges.
Professionals who have a physiotherapist assistant diploma also play an important role in this process. Working alongside the physiotherapist, the physiotherapist assistant helps to conduct a thorough evaluation of the child’s physical capabilities, and develops, implements, and coordinates a specialized treatment schedule.
2. Physiotherapy Schools Teach Preventative Measures Against Injury
Physiotherapist’s offices are often quite active within their communities, working to promote physical health and teaching preventative measures against injury. For example, many children experience back and spinal problems as a result of wearing school backpacks that are poorly designed, too heavy, or not worn properly. To combat this, pediatric physiotherapy offices often work to promote good backpack habits among children. The physiotherapist assistant will often spearhead these initiatives, helping to develop the promotional material and assisting in talks to schoolchildren.
Pediatric physiotherapist’s offices work to educate children on things like good backpack habits.
3. Physiotherapist Assistant Students Learn to Communicate With Children
Communicating with children is a gift that even those working within the field of childcare can take years to perfect. In pediatric physiotherapy, where many children often suffer from disorders which inhibit communication skills, such as autism or cerebral palsy, it can be even more difficult.
That’s why students in physiotherapist assistant training are taught about communication disorders, and learn specialized communication skills training, to help ensure that they are ready to deal with child patients face-to-face, and make them feel comfortable and understood.
4. Physiotherapy Schools Teach Hydrotherapy
Physiotherapists help children to develop and repair motor skills, strengthen core muscles and gait, and to become more independent and strong in their mobility. Another valuable technique in pediatric physiotherapy care is hydrotherapy. Patients perform muscle exercises while submerged in water, with the increased resistance and warm water temperatures aiding muscle development. Children with neurological, orthopedic and sensory issues can all benefit from hydrotherapy.
Hydrotherapy can help children suffering from a wide range of difficulties.
Physiotherapy schools provide a comprehensive overview of this and other therapeutic techniques to physiotherapist assistants students, allowing them to fully understand the treatments and help therapists more efficiently.
Would you like to play an important role in caring for the physical health of children?
Visit NAHB to learn more about our physiotherapist assistant diploma program or to speak with an advisor.
2015-07-01 by Mark Harrington
Canada’s senior population is growing. By 2030 – when even the youngest Baby Boomers will be 65 –seniors will make up 23% of our country’s overall population. With that dramatic increase will come a sharp rise in need for physiotherapists. Here’s why: seniors are at a much higher risk of falling than younger members of the population, and physiotherapists are some of the best health care professionals to help prevent those falls.
Physiotherapists and physiotherapist assistants help patients recover from and prevent injuries. They can help seniors improve balance, flexibility, and walking challenges that often lead to falls.
Read on to find out just how important physiotherapy is for seniors, and why preventing falls is an important part of keeping our aging population healthy and active.
The Danger of Falls for Seniors
Seniors are suffering falls at an alarming rate. Almost a third of seniors fall every year, and while half of those falls won’t lead to serious injury, the other half will.
Falling can cause injuries such as:
- head trauma/ concussion
- broken wrist, foot, leg, pelvis, back, and hip bones
- chronic anxiety about falling again
- loss of mobility and independence
- paralysis from spinal injuries
In addition, seniors that can’t get up after falling might be trapped until someone comes to help them. Depending on how long a senior is stuck lying on the floor, they can suffer from other injuries such as pressure sores, dehydration, hypothermia, starvation, or even death.
Because of the serious dangers that may accompany a bad fall, it’s crucial for seniors to take a preventative approach by working with a professional with physiotherapist assistant training.
Physiotherapists Evaluate their Patients and Provide Personalized Exercise Programs
Professionals with a physiotherapist assistant diploma begin treating their patients by first conducting a thorough evaluation.
They evaluate their patient’s:
- gait (walking ability)
- medical history
Once they have determined which areas need improvement, they recommend exercises and treatment programs that will target the patient’s specific needs. Classes such as tai chi or fall prevention classes taught by a professional with physiotherapy training are great ways for seniors to strengthen their muscles and prevent falls.
Physiotherapy Modalities Can Help Seniors Increase Range of Motion
For some seniors, the best treatment will include regular visits to their physiotherapy clinic so that they can utilize modalities that will increase their range of motion and treat any imbalances in their posture or muscles.
Physiotherapy modalities such as trigger point dry needling help release tension in tight muscles that could be causing balance problems. The physiotherapist will place acupuncture needles in the affected areas, and those needles will allow the muscles to twitch, lengthen, and resolve the trigger point –leading to a relaxed muscle and better balance.
Seniors Can Make Their Homes Safer with the Help of a Professional
Physiotherapists and physiotherapist assistants are excellent at giving advice to seniors about minimizing the risk of falling at home. Physiotherapist assistant courses teach students effective communication skills, which they will use to convey the importance of home safety, and make practical suggestions patients can use to improve safety in their living space.
These tips may include:
- install sturdy hand rails on stairs
- secure rugs so that they don’t slip, or get rid of rugs altogether
- install grab bars in bathrooms near the bathtub, shower, and toilet
- place non-slip mats in the tub and shower
- install proper lighting in staircases and other risky areas
Are you considering becoming a physiotherapist assistant? Visit the National Academy of Health and Business for details about our training program, or to speak with an advisor.
2015-04-22 by Mark Harrington
Kinesiology is commonly considered a complementary health science, which can be used in accompaniment with medicinal or physical health treatments—such as physiotherapy. In the simplest terms, kinesiology is the study of movement in the musculoskeletal system. The knowledge gained from this study is used to correctly identify any improperly functioning muscles and bones.
Students earning their physiotherapist assistant diploma know that physiotherapy is designed to manage a patient’s existing injuries by applying routines which optimize muscle movement and physical activity. It’s no surprise then, that kinesiology is commonly confused with physiotherapy. In fact, kinesiologists often work with physiotherapists to treat patients.
Read on to discover exactly what kinesiology is, and how it can be used hand in hand with physiotherapy to rehabilitate patients.
Physiotherapist vs. Kinesiologist
While physiotherapists address a patient’s mobility issues, a kinesiologist’s job is to study the mechanics of the human body, and determine why certain body parts may function incorrectly. Kinesiologists are often employed in medical research industries, researching the various complications of the human musculoskeletal system. In contrast, physiotherapists focus specifically on hands-on treatments to target issues with physical movement.
Kinesiology for Injury Prevention
The main objective of kinesiology is to prevent injuries from occurring, through the promotion of physical activity and healthy body choices. This is different from a physiotherapist, who works with patients to rehabilitate their bodies after an injury has already occurred.
Kinesiologists know that regular physical therapy can actively work to reduce a patient’s risk of injury and chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Through the promotion of physical activity, kinesiology also helps strengthen muscles and bones, improve mental health, and even help extend the independence of elderly patients.
How is Kinesiology Used in Physiotherapy?
Students taking physiotherapist assistant courses might be wondering: what does kinesiology have to do with my area of study? While injury prevention is one goal of kinesiology, so is injury management and performance enhancement. Physiotherapists will often use kinesiology in their patient treatments, or even have kinesiologists on their rehabilitation team along with physiotherapist assistants. A kenesiologist’s expertise in the function of the human body is of indispensable value in the treatment of a patient’s injuries.
Professionals entering a physiotherapist assistant career have likely heard of kinesio taping. Kinesio taping is often used in physiotherapy specifically for treating athletic injuries. This special tape, which is similar in texture and elasticity to human skin, works to give support and stability to muscles and joints. The technique for applying the tape to the body is based on knowledge of the placement of muscles, the flow of the circulatory system and the locations of other musculoskeletal systems which are featured in kinesiology.
What do you know about kinesiology? How will you apply your knowledge of kinesiology to the treatment of patients?